PRE-MEDICAL STUDY: University of San Francisco, San Francisco, California, 1963-1966.
MEDICAL DOCTORATE: University of Oregon Health Sciences Center, Medical School, Portland, Oregon, 1966-1970, B.S. AND M.D.
SURGICAL INTERNSHIP: St. Elizabeth’s Hospital, Brighton, Massachusetts, 1968.
SURGICAL INTERNSHIP: St. Vincent’s Hospital, New York, New York, 1970-1971. This hospital is famous for developing the first coronary care unit and first ambulance with an “on-board” physician which is what is currently the paramedic service.
FAMILY PRACTICE RESIDENCY: Contra Costa County Medical Services, Martinez, California, 1973-1975. Residents completing this program were trained to take care of 95% of all medical-surgical problems encountered by patients. These medical services were affiliated with the University of California, Davis Medical School in Davis, California.